This article will share how to publish as SCORM.
Here is a quick guide to the SCORM settings available to you. See below for more details on each of these settings.
1: SCORM version and reporting options.
2: Course score student must achieve to pass the course.
3: Course completion student must achieve to complete the course.
4: Mark each card (section) of the course that will contribute to the overall score. This only affects scoring, not completion.
5: Adjust the weight of each card (section) to change how much it contributes to the course.
6: Adjust the score the student must achieve on each individual assessment to pass that assessment.
SCORM stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model. It is an international technical standard for creating eLearning software products and supports interoperability across distribution providers. If your course is published in SCORM, almost any LMS or LXP should be able to recognize it. A good analogy is a MP4 music file - although there are many music players and technologies, you should be able to take that MP4 file and play it almost everywhere without worrying about technical specifications and support in that specific player. SCORM is meant to be the same for learning content. For more details and background on SCORM, this is a very good resource to review: https://scorm.com/
Knowbly supports two versions of SCORM: 1.2 and 2004. Each version has pros and cons.
Version 1.2 is limited in that it can only report one value back for course: Passing and Completion are tied together on one value. You must select how you want to receive your student results and how to interpret them, as you cannot separate passing and completion. However, SCORM 1.2 is the most popular version and the one supported by the largest number of LMSs in the market.
Version 2004 is more robust and can separate the reporting of completion as a different value from the student score. So with 2004 you can set different thresholds for was the completion and passing threshold is for student success. SCORM 2004 had 3 versions: 2e, 3e, and 4e. SCORM 3e is the most popular in the market, but many LMSs have not taken the leap and still only support SCORM 1.2. While SCORM 2004 is an improvement over 1.2, many in the industry believe we are in a transition to more modern standards like xAPI and that SCORM 2004 will not gain as much traction as a result.
More details on the differences between SCORM versions here: https://scorm.com/scorm-explained/business-of-scorm/scorm-versions/
If you already have a distribution system like a LMS or LXP, you should make sure you understand what version of SCORM they support.
Publishing as SCORM
You can publish a course or a widget as SCORM.
NOTE: Our current implementation of SCORM for stand alone widgets reports complete/incomplete only. A more robust scoring update is on the roadmap.
To enter the publish screen, hit publish from the options menu on the course or widget tile.
You can also access the Publish screen from the gear icon in the upper right side of a course or widget editor.
This will bring you to the publishing screen. From the Format pulldown, select your desired version of SCORM.
There are a variety of SCORM reporting settings you can fine tune to achieve the exact student results you need from your course.
SCORM courses can report back on completion and passing results.
COMPLETION is defined as how much of the course a student reviewed. To achieve full completion of any page, the student must view and scroll through all the content and every layer of any widgets on that page (a layer is a question or media content). So for example, the student would have to review every question on a Multiple Choice assessment, flip every card in a Flashcard widget, or view every image in a Media Gallery widget.
By default the Completion threshold is set to 100% so the student must view every part of the course. You can set a lower threshold for course completion by adjusting the Completion value. For example, if your course had 10 lessons and you set a completion value of 80%, the student would have to view 8 of the 10 pages to achieve Completion for the course.
PASSING is defined as what grade the student achieved for the course. Passing score value can be from 0-100%. Pages must be scored to contribute to the Passing score (see below).
Passing score is calculated by the following equation for scored pages:
((Lesson Completeness + Activity Completeness + Assessment Scores) / Combined Weights) x 100
Note: This is a simplified version of the equation. See Advanced SCORM for the full equation.
You can think of this as each scored page contributes an equal amount to the final score unless you adjust the weights. For a lesson or activity, student will get a 100% for each page they complete. For each assessment, student will get a 100% for that assessment if they exceed the passing score for that assessment. Those values are added up according to each page weight to contribute to the final overall score.
For an example, say you had a course with 2 lessons, an activity, and an assessment. When the student starts taking the course and only completes the first two lessons and exit, they will have acheieved 50% score for that course. If they return and complete the activity, they will achieve 75% score for that course. If they then take the final assessment and fail, their score will remain at 75%. If they take the final assessment and pass, their score will be 100%.
You can adjust what score the student needs to achieve on the course to consider it as Passed by adjusting the Passing Score value.
You should set which pages will be scored by checkbox in the Scored Cards setting. If you do not set anything as scored, there will be no score provided for the course. Scored Lessons and Activities will contribute 100% score when completed. Scored Activities will contribute 100% score if they are passed.
Unscored pages will still contribute to the Completion value, but they will not be scored. For example, say you had a 10 lesson course but only set the first two lessons as scored. When the user completes the first two scored lessons, they will achieve 100% score on the course, but they will not complete the course until they finish all 10 lessons.
You can adjust the weight for each page by adjusting the Weight value. Weight is how much that page contributes to the overall score. For example, if you had a two lesson course and both were weighted at 1, the user would get a 50% after completing the first lesson, and 100% after completing the second lesson. However, if you adjust the weight of the first lesson at 2 and the second lesson at 1, when the user completes the first lesson they will get 66.6%, as that first lesson now contributes ⅔ of the overall score (twice the weight of the second lesson).
You can set the passing theshold for each assessment independently. The passing threshold is what score the student must achieve on that assessment to pass, at which point it contributes 100% for that part of the course. If the student does not achieve the passing theshold, they will not get the points for that assessment in the overall passing score.
Adjust the Passing Score for each assessment to set the passing threshold. For example, you may want module assessments to pass with less student difficulty so you set the threshold to 50%, where the final course assessment is meant to be more difficult so you set the threshold to 80%.
SCORM 1.2 vs 2004 Reporting
One of the major differences between SCORM 1.2 vs 2004 is how they report back on the passing and completion value. SCORM 2004 can report back both variables separately. However, the earlier specification SCORM 1.2 does NOT allow you to report both variables separately, it only has one variable available to it, so you must choose how you want it to report back on the student achievement.
NOTE: It may seem that you would always want to choose SCORM 2004 in this case, but not every LMS supports that version of the specification. Check with your LMS provider for what they support AND can report back on.
Complete/Incomplete: If the student passes the completion threshold for the course, it will report back as Complete/Passed. If the student has not yet reached the completion theshold, it will report back Incomplete/In Progress. The student will not be marked as Failed if they exit the course incomplete.
Passed/Failed: If the student achieves the passing theshold for the course, it will report back as Complete/Passed with the score reported to the LMS. If the student completes the course but does not achieve the passing theshold, they will be marked as Complete/Failed with the score reported to the LMS.
Complete/Failed: If the user achieves the completion threshold they will be marked as Complete/Passed. If the student does not view enough pages, they will be marked as Incomplete/Failed until they do so.
Passed/Incomplete: If the user achieves the passing threshold for the course they will be marked as Complete/Passed. If the student does not achieve the passing theshold, they remain in progress and no score is reported back to the LMS. This allows them to take the course as many times as they need until they can pass.
For SCORM 2004, you do NOT have to make this selection, all values will be reported directly back.
This is the full equation for calculating the passing score on a course.